Tuscany has a long and rich history of wine-growing. The Etruscans took the cultivation of vines to unprecedented levels of perfection that was warmly appreciated by the Romans and, later on, the nobility in Florence, for which quality was the absolute criterion. Tuscany is the home of Chianti, the quality Italian wine that is produced in the greatest quantities. But Tuscany has much more to offer than the famous red, which is produced in the valleys that stretch between Florence, Siena, Arezzo and Pisa.
While Chianti has made Tuscany's vineyards famous all over the world, the region is also known for its Brunello di Montalcino or the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, not to mention other legendary wines, like the famous Sassicaia or Tignanello, which figure amongst the very best wines produced in Italy.
The variety of types of wines reflects the diversity of the land, which stretches from the Apennine mountains in the North, to the hills in the centre, the volcanic formations in the South and, finally, the coastal plains in Livorno and Grosseto. With the rolling hills that cover more than two thirds of the region and its Mediterranean climate, Tuscany has offered the ideal conditions for wine-growing for thousands of years. (Alfavin.ch)
Provinces: Arezzo, Florence, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa-Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato, Siena
Total surface area of vineyards: 62,000 ha
Annual output: 2,772,000 hl
Red/rosé: 2,338,000 hl
White: 434,000 hl
Proportion of total vineyards in Italy: 6.2%