Bordered by the Alps in the north and the Apennines in the south, Piedmont is named after the mountainous massifs that surround the region. Piedmont literally means "at the foot of the mountains". Despite the fact that it ranks only as Italy's seventh-largest wine-producing region, Piedmont plays a leading role on a number of scores.
With its host of small vineyards and more than 100,000 wine producers, Piedmont boasts the highest number of DOC wines (denominazione di origine controllata – registered designation of origin) in the country.
Since each district has a unique microclimate and its own specific soil, the Piedmont wines are distinctly different from one another, offering a broad selection of exceptional products, including some all-time greats, such as Barolo, Barbaresco and Gattinara. (Alfavin.ch)
Provinces: Torino, Asti, Biella, Alessandria, Novara, Cuneo, Vercelli, Verbania
Total surface area of vineyards: 53,200 ha
Annual output: 2,858,000 hl
Red/rosé: 1,786,000 hl
White: 1,072,000 hl
Proportion of total vineyards in Italy: 6.4%