Christened "Oenotria", which literally means "the Land of Wine", 3,000 years ago by the Greek settlers, Campania stretches along the Tyrrhenian coast of south-west Italy.
The broad coastal plains are interrupted by sedimentary or volcanic outcrops, the most famous of which is Mount Vesuvius, south-east of Naples. Campania is the ancient home of the Italian wine-making industry, and produces wines with a strong character, bringing together the sea and volcanoes.
The Mediterranean climate in Campania, where the influence of the neighbouring sea and mountains prevents excessive heat, produces ideal conditions for a number of white and red varieties. Amongst the reds, the best representative of the region is the Aglianico, which prospers on the volcanic soil to produce spectacular wines that improve over time and bear comparison with the great red wines from northern and central Italy. (Alfavin.ch)
Provinces: Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Neapel, Salerno
Total surface area of vineyards: 30,000 ha
Annual output: 1,830,000 hl
Red/rosé: 1,054,000 hl
White: 776,000 hl
Proportion of total vineyards in Italy: 4.1%